Energy conversion factors from Hoyle, The Physics-Astronomy Frontier: (kWs = kilowatt second)
1 kWs = 1010 ergs
1 MeV = 1.6 x 10-06 ergs = 1.6 x 10-16 kWs.
1 MeV = 1.1605x1010 °K
1 °K = 1.3787 x 10-16 ergs = 8.6170 x 10-11 MeV = 1.3787 x 10-16 ergs = 1.3787 x 10-26 kWs.
The Creation Days as God's Workdays
One way to view the days of creation is as God's workdays. [DEVELOP from Discovery institute seminar - polythress?]. References to human labor are by analogy: "Six days shall thou labor and do all thy work." Mankind has its workdays, and God specifies one day of rest for six days of work. God's creative work is similarly expressed as six days of work and a day of rest. There is no implication as to the precise duration of these days, and to assert such a thing is to read an unwarranted meaning into the text.
Genesis 1:6-8: And God said, "Let there be an expanse
in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the
waters." And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were
expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. And
God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there
was morning, the second day.
I suggested earlier that the First Day refers to the creation of radiant energy in the Big Bang. Continuing with this suggestion, I suggest that the Second Day is the creation of the Cosmos, the Solar System and Earth -- viewed as are all of the Days, from the perspective of an observer on the Earth.
seems to be difficult for modern readers to avoid projecting modern
meanings into the very general terms used in these verses. Readers are
strongly cautioned to avoid this -- it is a particular affectation of
academic scholars who tend to view the ancients with unwarranted
The term "waters" is a general term for the fluid "stuff" of the Cosmos. It does not refer specifically to water per se. This is a universal usage of the word in many ancient cosmological stories, and it reads too much into the word to assume that it means what we call water. Many modern narrators of ancient cosmologies make this mistake and assume that, for example, the Egyptians assumed that the original stuff of the universe was literal water. [GIVE REFERENCES ] This is silly. It is a much more general term that encompasses a meaning of undifferentiated fluidity. And again, "fluid" here doesn't mean just the liquid state of matter -- fire and air can also be viewed as fluid. The term is more of an expression of visual impression than of actual physical composition.
The term "expanse" (which some translations starting with the LXX interpret as "firmament") similarly has nothing to do with a solid dome or any specific physical construction. All uses of the term that may imply this are simply figurative or poetic, as in "the sky was brass."
The term "separate" implies assignment of identity and differentiation. This task changes the undifferentiated "water" into specific objects with form, function and meaning. Some of this separation is into "below" and "above." In a very general sense, the "below" is the Earth, and the "above" is the Cosmos, with the atmosphere in between. But again, the reader is cautioned not to make the meanings too concrete.
What is being described is the incomprehensible and inconceivably vast process by which God made the Cosmos and differentiated it into various parts with purpose and function.